Varicose veins: Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention

What exactly are varicose veins?

If you have never heard of varicose veins before, you may have heard of the term “spider veins” instead. They are veins usually found in the legs that are twisted and oversized. In most cases, you can see the veins bulging out with a dark blue or purple color. 

Vericose veins

To the right, you can see exacly what varicose veins look like. This disorder is more common in adults, but there are cases of children and teenagers having this disorder. This disorder is more common in women but not by that much. Varicose veins can cause pain and discomfort for those dealing with the disorder.


Let’s look into the causes of varicose veins to get a better understanding of who gets it and why.


Varicose veins causes

Simply put, varicose veins are veins that have trapped blood in them. This is why they appear to be bulging out. These veins are weak and do not function the way that they should. Vericose veins causes

The veins primary job is to pump back blood that went through the body and now needs to go back to the heart. In the veins, there are things called valves that prevent the blood from flow back down. For those that have varicose veins, their valves do not function properly because they allow the blood to flow backwards.

Varicose veins are much larger than normal veins because they are overstretched. Veins are very elastic to begin with, therefore when you fill them with excessive amounts of blood, they can become stretched out similar to a water balloon.

Who gets varicose veins?

There are multiple reasons why people get varicose veins. By knowing who gets it and why you can better your chance of preventing it.


As you become older, your risks of getting this condition become much higher. By the time you turn forty-five your chances of having this condition are about fifty percent. However, the symptoms are not very severe for every person and you may bearly notice it in some people.


It is important to look at your family tree to see who suffers from varicose veins. More specifically you should look to see if your parents suffer from any of these conditions. If one of your parents has the condition, you are much more likely to have it as well. If both parents have this conditions, your chances of getting this condition are even more likely however, there is no guarantee.


Keeping a healthy body is a great way to prevent varicose veins. Varicose veins are commonly found in people who are overweight. Being overweight puts more pressure on your veins. It causes your veins to work harder and cover more area. Also, many people that are overweight do not work out as much as they should. Without exercise, the veins and heart do not work as hard and can become weaker.


Gender does play a small role in who gets varicose veins. There are more women who have varicose veins than men but not by that many. There is about a ten percent difference between men and women that have this condition. This can be linked to pregnancy and menopause that contribute to varicose vein problems.


If you are working at a job where you are constantly sitting down, then you may be more likely to have varicose veins. Sitting down too long can make your veins work harder especially if your legs are crossed. You can prevent this by getting up every so often to walk around. It is also a good idea to get some exercise in every week.


Being pregnant can put tremendous pressure on your veins, especially the ones in your legs. The weight can cause lots of pressure and the veins can have trouble fighting against it.


Menopause causes a big reduction of hormones in the female body. Many functions in the body can slow down and a lack of energy can cause you to be less active. This can result in varicose veins.

Why are varicose veins so common in the legs?what causes varicose veins in women

Varicose veins are so common in the leg area because this is where they experience the most pressure. It is where the most gravity is which makes it harder for your veins to pump blood all the way back to your heart.

Most women find varicose veins behind their knees. When you are sitting and the knees are bent, the veins need to work harder to push blood back into the heart.

Varicose veins symptoms

Varicose vein symptoms can take many forms. Knowing them can help you identify varicose veins and get treatment fast.

They include:

  • Soreness of veins
  • Bulging and swollen veins
  • Visible colored veins
  • Itching skin around the veins
  • Smaller appearing veins called spider veins can appear
  • Swelling legs
  • Swelling feet and ankles
  • Discoloration of skin around the veins

If you notice any of these symptoms becoming noticeably worse, set up an appointment with your doctor to discuss these issues.

Varicose veins prevention

By knowing the cause of varicose veins, you will lessen your chances of getting varicose veins. A couple practices include:

  • Create a healthier diet
  • Exercise frequently
  • Avoid sitting down for too long
  • Wear compression socks or gently compressing pants such as leggings
  • Avoid obesity
  • Avoid tight belts

Varicose veins treatment

There are a few ways that most go about treating their varicose veins. For starters, you can follow the prevention tips that were mentioned above. They will help treat your varicose veins and prevent them from getting any worse.

You may also choose the route of medical procedures. Most of the medical procedures that treat varicose veins include cutting or removing the damaged veins. Here are some of the medical procedures that work to prevent varicose veins.

Laser Surgery

This procedure involves surgeons using a laser to remove the damaged veins.


In this procedure, a doctor will inject a chemical into the vein to cause it to close.

Endovenous Ablation Therapy

This procedure involves lasers and radio waves to heat and close varicose veins.

Other options

There are many other creams and supplements that people with varicose veins have found very effective. Using these products can be much more appealing to people because they do not require the pain and money of the surgeries above.

Most of them are in cream form and some of the best varicose creams are reviewed on this website. Feel free to check out our reviews and decide which route you would like to take to treat your varicose veins.